energy requirements for refinery wastewater treatment systems (conference) osti.gov

Energy requirements for refinery wastewater treatment systems

@article{osti_7318418, title = {Energy requirements for refinery wastewater treatment systems}, author = {Prather, B V and Young, E P}, abstractNote = {Energy requirements in any wastewater treatment are substantial and can vary in horsepower per thousand gallons of treated wastewater depending on the type of treatment process, type and concentration of contaminant.

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Petroleum Refinery Wastewater Treatment: Principles and

Typical effluent oil concentration range 50 –150 mg/L Designed for free phase oil separation-based on crude type, temperature Process design governed by API Bulletin 421 1990 Must be closed vented with controlled headspace to avoid lower explosive limit (LEL) Nitrogen Filled Pressure relief and conservation vent Blow off hatch for roof integrity

May 1, 1995 · The present work has demonstrated the utility of two different types of photochemical oxidation technologies for destruction of trace organics in wastewater (pretreated by an oil coalescer for oil and grease removal).

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Energy for wastewater treatment (Journal Article) | OSTI.GOV

The various treatment methods of refinery waste water and their uses for mixing, pumping, oxygen dissolution, dewatering, and destruction of sludges are discussed. (LK)

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Petroleum Refining Effluent Guidelines | US EPA

Water and wastewater systems are significant energy consumers. An estimated 3%-4% of U.S. electricity consumption is used for the movement and treatment of water and wastewater [1,2]. The exact cost of energy use can vary widely from one utility to the next, with estimates ranging from 2%–60% of total operating costs [3,4].

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Wastewater Infrastructure | Department of Energy

Through the Sustainable Wastewater Infrastructure of the Future (SWIFt) Initiative, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is working with water resource recovery facilities to accelerate a pathway toward sustainable infrastructure.

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Biological treatment of refinery wastes (Conference) | OSTI.GOV

@article{osti_5330374, title = {Biological treatment of refinery wastes}, author = {Mahmud, Z and Thanh, N C}, abstractNote = {A detailed study of the treatment situation at a Thai refinery that used an API separator with no equalization tank, followed by an activated-sludge system, showed that only 42% of the total COD and 57% of the soluble COD was degradable.

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Industrial wastewater ozonation (Conference) | OSTI.GOV

The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information OSTI.GOV. Conference: Industrial wastewater ozonation

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Energy saving in wastewater treatment plants

treatment of 1 m. 3. wastewater is 0.380 kWh/m. 3, which is similar to the energy used to treat 1 m. 3. of wastewater (no industrial input) by secondary treatment; such as, 0.485 kWh/m. 3. in Slovakia [3], 0.420 kWh/m. 3. in Sweden [4], and 0.304 kWh/m. 3. in Japan [5]. The average energy consumption of using an activated sludge system for the

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An Overview of Renewable Natural Gas from Biogas

Figure 2. LFG Treatment Stages and Biogas End Uses . Municipal WRRFs Many municipal WRRFs (also known as wastewater treatment facilities or publicly owned treatment works) use AD to treat sewage sludge on site, while some facilities send the sludge to other facilities for AD treatment. Biogas is one of the byproducts of sludge treatment through AD.

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Petroleum Refining Effluent Guidelines | US EPA

Figure 2. LFG Treatment Stages and Biogas End Uses . Municipal WRRFs Many municipal WRRFs (also known as wastewater treatment facilities or publicly owned treatment works) use AD to treat sewage sludge on site, while some facilities send the sludge to other facilities for AD treatment. Biogas is one of the byproducts of sludge treatment through AD.

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Wastewater Infrastructure | Department of Energy

Through the Sustainable Wastewater Infrastructure of the Future (SWIFt) Initiative, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is working with water resource recovery facilities to accelerate a pathway toward sustainable infrastructure.

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Meeting refinery wastewater challenges through membrane-based

The refinery upgraded its existing wastewater treatment plant to improve the quality of its effluent and comply with stricter requirements using the best available technology in biological membrane-based treatment for its challenging operations.

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Energy Data Management Manual for the Wastewater Treatment Sector

Learn more at betterbuildingsinitiative.energy.gov The purpose of this document is to describe the benefits of energy data management, explain how it can help drive savings when linked to a strong energy management program, and provide clear, step-by-step guidance to wastewater treatment plants on how to appropriately track energy performance.

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Scientific and Technical Information | Department of Energy

Resources Scientific and Technical Information The Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), a unit of the Office of Science, fulfills agency-wide responsibilities to collect, preserve, and disseminate scientific and technical information (STI) emanating from DOE research and development (R&D) activities.

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Membrane Bioreactors factsheet - U.S. Environmental

APPLICABILITY For new installations, the use of MBR systems allows for higher wastewater flow or improved treatment performance in a smaller space than a conventional design, i.e., a facility using secon-dary clarifiers and sand filters.

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April 2015 Emissions Estimation Protocol for Petroleum Refineries

Table 7-8. Model Process Unit Characteristics for Petroleum Refinery Wastewater a.....7-10 Table 7-9. Refinery Wastewater Contaminant Concentrations as a Ratio to Benzene..7-10 Table 7-10. Default Mass Emission Factors for Refinery Wastewater Collection and Treatment

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Wastewater Treatment | FSC 432: Petroleum Refining

The four types of refinery wastewater include cooling water, process water and steam, storm water, and sanitary sewage water. Among these, the most heavily polluted wastewater stream that requires serious treatment is the process water and steam that come into direct contact with petroleum fractions.

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Water-Efficient Technology Opportunity: On-site Wastewater

A traditional brick-and-mortar wastewater treatment plant. The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) identified on-site wastewater treatment systems as a technology that can provide a source of alternative water that is relevant to the federal sector, is commercially available, and offers a significant opportunity to offset freshwater use.

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Energy requirements for waste water treatment - PubMed

The actual mathematical models describing global climate closely link the detected increase in global temperature to anthropogenic activity. The only energy source we can rely on in a long perspective is solar irradiation which is in the order of 10,000 kW/inhabitant. The actual primary power consum …

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Energy pattern analysis of a wastewater treatment plant

water treating may or may not receive treatment at the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) before discharge. Contaminated wastewater is typically sent to either a wastewater treatment plant that is located at the facility, or it can be pretreated and sent to the local publicly owned treatment works or third-party treatment facility for further

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An Overview of Renewable Natural Gas from Biogas

Figure 2. LFG Treatment Stages and Biogas End Uses . Municipal WRRFs Many municipal WRRFs (also known as wastewater treatment facilities or publicly owned treatment works) use AD to treat sewage sludge on site, while some facilities send the sludge to other facilities for AD treatment. Biogas is one of the byproducts of sludge treatment through AD.

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Energy pattern analysis of a wastewater treatment plant

The refinery upgraded its existing wastewater treatment plant to improve the quality of its effluent and comply with stricter requirements using the best available technology in biological membrane-based treatment for its challenging operations.

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Energy Data Management Manual for the Wastewater Treatment Sector

Learn more at betterbuildingsinitiative.energy.gov The purpose of this document is to describe the benefits of energy data management, explain how it can help drive savings when linked to a strong energy management program, and provide clear, step-by-step guidance to wastewater treatment plants on how to appropriately track energy performance.

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April 2015 Emissions Estimation Protocol for Petroleum Refineries

Table 7-8. Model Process Unit Characteristics for Petroleum Refinery Wastewater a.....7-10 Table 7-9. Refinery Wastewater Contaminant Concentrations as a Ratio to Benzene..7-10 Table 7-10. Default Mass Emission Factors for Refinery Wastewater Collection and Treatment

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Home | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

Learn about the Department of Energy's latest work supporting fundamental scientific research for energy as the Nation’s largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences.

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Refinery Water and Wastewater Treatment and Management

Equally important in the management of water is to understand the major locations where water leaves the refinery: wastewater, steam losses, and cooling tower losses. Refineries can generate a significant volume of wastewater that has been in contact with hydrocarbons.

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Water-Efficient Technology Opportunity: On-site Wastewater

Wastewater composition: The characteristics of the wastewater stream must be quantified in terms of suspended solids, pH, and molecular composition (organics, chemical oxygen demand, biological oxygen demand, pharmaceuticals, nitrogen, phosphorous, heavy metals, etc.).

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Municipal Wastewater | US EPA

The State Water Resources Control Board (State Water Board) has revised its regulations in chapter 26 of division 3 of title 23 of the California Code of Regulations, regarding wastewater treatment plant classification, operator certification, and contractor registration for the Wastewater Treatment Plant Operator Certification Program.

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Office of Scientific and Technical Information - Wikipedia

OSTI provides access to energy, science, and technology information through publicly available web-based systems, with supporting tools and technologies to enable information search, retrieval and re-use. Science information resources freely available for public use

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